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Matthew Hedger
08/04/2014 3:01 PM

Today is Monday, Aug. 4, the 216th day of 2014 with 149 to follow.

It is U.S. President Barack Obama's birthday.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Mars and Saturn.

In 1735, the standard of truth as a defense against a claim of libel was established in the American colonies when John Peter Zenger, publisher of a New York City newspaper, was acquitted of libel charges.

In 1914, Britain declared war on Germany. (The United States initially declared itself neutral in World War I.)

In 1944, acting on a tip from a Dutch informer, the Nazi Gestapo captured 15-year-old Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family in a sealed-off area of an Amsterdam warehouse.

In 1949, more than 6,000 people were killed when an earthquake leveled 50 towns in Ecuador.

In 1958, Billboard magazine introduced its Hot 100 chart, covering the 100 most popular pop singles in the country. The first No. 1 was Ricky Nelson's Poor Little Fool.

In 1964, the remains of three slain civil rights workers, whose disappearance on June 21 garnered national attention, were found buried in an earthen dam near Philadelphia, Miss.

In 1972, Arthur Bremer was found guilty of severely wounding Alabama Gov. George Wallace, who was campaigning for president. Bremer was sentenced to 63 years in prison.

In 1984, the African Republic of Upper Volta changed its named to Burkina Faso, which means the land of upright men.

In 2007, Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants hit his 755th career home run, tying Hank Aaron's all-time major league record. (He broke the record three days later and finished the season at 762 home runs. His achievements were clouded by accusations of using performance-enhancing substances.)

In 2010, a U.S. federal judge struck down the voter-approved same-sex marriage ban in California, calling the law discriminating and unconstitutional.

In 2012, authorities in Gambat, Pakistan, suspended several police officers who forced a couple accused of adultery to walk naked through the town. Video footage of the incident stirred a public outcry.

In 2013, Tiger Woods won the WGC-Bridgestone Invitational, his fifth PGA title of the season and 79th of his career.

Copyright © 2014 Amador Ledger Dispatch
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